HOW DO GRASSLANDS BENEFIT HUMANS: INTRODUCTION TO GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
With this small brochure, we would like to prove that the perception of grasslands only as an animal fodder provider, or just as a biodiversity pool, is rather narrow-minded. There are many other benefits, which we usually do not notice in our busy lives. Scientists have granted them the name “ecosystem services”. The aim of the brochure is to introduce the reader to the concept of ecosystem services, with particular emphasis on grasslands. We hope that the brochure will help you discover new aspects of grasslands, which you probably knew but maybe did not pay attention to! Now, go to the nearest meadow or pasture and look at it with fresh eyes and a different mind!
REPORT “ASSESSMENT OF SEMI-NATURAL GRASSLAND MANAGEMENT DURING THE LAST 20 YEARS IN LÜMANDA MUNICIPALITY”
In the report “Assessment of semi-natural grassland management during the last 20 years in Lümanda municipality” we analysed the implemented measures on the grasslands management in Estonia and in
the former Lümanda municipality during the last 20 years. Analysis, based on interviews with stakeholders (farmers, land-owners, nature conservation, tourism, politicians, planners etc.) on values of
semi-natural grasslands and management practices, was compiled. Also trends in socio-economic parameters of municipality and reflection of semi-natural grasslands, and their management measures
in the strategic documents (spatial plans, management plans etc.) were analysed. Recommendations for a long-term management measures for semi-natural grasslands were compiled.
ANALYSIS OF POLICIES AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK INFLUENCING MAINTENANCE OF GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEMS IN THE BALTIC STATES
Analysis of the national policies and regulatory framework in the Baltic States aiming to assess the established conditions for the grassland management and how favourable they are for maintenance of grassland ecosystems, biodiversity and related ecosystem services. Shortcomings of the existing policy and legal framework of the Baltic States have been identified. The analysis serves as a conceptual basis for development of integrated grassland management approach as well as formulating recommendations to the national authorities for improvement of rural development policies and strengthening of the legal systems for grassland management.
REPORT ON INITIAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION AND BASELINE SCENARIOS
The Report presents two main results at level of each demonstration case of the LIFE Viva Grass project: 1) the initial socioeconomic situation presented by the key indicators on trends and the status either on 2014 or 2015; 2) A baseline or also called a “business as usual ”scenario outlining the development without implementation of the project activities.
CONSOLIDATED DATA AVAILABILITY REPORT
The study gives an overview from 3 Baltic countries about available datasets, conditions for using it for planning and research purpose and should the users of the Integrated planning tool (the Tool) to plan additional resources (for purchase of data or processing the data) to be able to use with the Tool. The analysis also include assessment legal regulations of data availability i.e. conditions for access to the date; any legal restriction for data use and publish.
THE BROCHURE “VIABLE GRASSLAND MANAGEMENT – EXPERIENCE, CHALLENGES and OPPORTUNITIES”
The brochure “Viable grassland management – experience, challenges and opportunities” summarises the information on existing good practice and provides some recommendations for the Baltic States to overcome the challenges related to the maintenance of valuable semi-natural grasslands. The brochure has been compiled by the LIFE Viva Grass project team based on study visits to UK, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Slovenia and the Baltic States, interviews with previous projects dealing with grassland management as well as discussions in the international conference on “Enhancing Economic Viability of Grasslands by Green Farming in Europe” held in May 2015 in Latvia.
LOGICAL FRAME OF THE INTEGRATED PLANNING TOOL
This working document describes the logical framework of the integrated planning tool. It defines the structure and outputs generated by the Tool; its operational logic; ES assessment process; additional indicators based on socio‐economic criteria; requirements for the design and accessibility of the Tool; specification of processes and their management structure (actors, responsibilities, and other organizational issues); specification of software requirements and solution architecture design; the input criteria (factors) that will formulate specific data needs; intended results; technical and program solution. It is not the final document and does not show the final result of integrated planning tool.
EX-ANTE REPORT “THE INITIAL STATUS OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE AREAS WHERE PROJECT ACTIVITIES WILL BE IMPLEMENTED”
The Ex-ante Report present data and information reflecting the existing situation right before implementation of the project demo activities. The Ex-ante Report describes the project areas to illustrate the natural characteristics and existing land cover and land uses in the area. Furthermore, the Ex-ante report gives an overview on implemented sampling and analysis activities and the results obtained.
SYNTHESIS REPORT „EVALUATION OF THE EXPERIENCES IN MAINTENANCE OF GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEM”
This report presents an overview of different grassland management approaches as well as insight knowledge on successes and constraints within the projects applying grassland management measures in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania as well as in other EU countries. It highlights the best practice examples and ex-post experience of projects to ensure continuity of grassland management measures and maintenance of grasslands through integrated planning and applications of ecosystem based models and tools.
The report highlights need for cooperation models of different stakeholders for joint implementation of grassland management actions. Experience of projects shows that prior to availability of appropriate financing mechanisms, interested, motivated and capable local landowners and farmers willing to implement grassland management measures is the key precondition for implementation of grassland management activities and ensuring their continuation after the project ends.
METHODOLOGY FOR INDICATOR BASED MONITORING OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES
In order to ensure a coherent approach across the project areas in the three countries the project team has developed a separate methodology for implementing socio-economic assessment based on statistics and a methodology on social awareness studies. This study contains a review on key definitions and available socio-economic indicator sets, a set of selected indicators as well as main steps in the implementation of the socio-economic assessment.
LIFE Viva Grass flyer presents project mission, actions and case study areas and introduces the grassland ecosystem services and its value.